Security Council Reform: 63rd Session

63rd SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

REPORTS & ANALYSES

Third Round of Intergovernmental Negotiations on UN Security Council Reform Conclude
By Jakob S. Lund and Daniel Safran-Hon, 22 September, 2009
At the 63rd session, Member States started intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform, chaired by Afghan Ambassador Zahir Tanin. The following summarizes three days of negotiations, which took place in early September. Immediately following the final round in this session, the General Assembly opted for the possibility of continued negotiations in the 64th session.

Chair of Informal General Assembly Consultations on Security Council Reform Describes Future Steps in Press Conference
Report by Daniel Safran-Hon, 22 July 2009
In a press conference given on Monday 20 July 2009, Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent representative of Afghanistan to the UN and Chair of Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council reform described the next steps in the consultations on SC reform towards the end of the 63rd General Assembly. The Ambassador called for good use of the summer by Member States and concluded that "there is light at the end of the tunnel."

Second Round of Security Council Reform Talks Ends
29 June 2009
Member States met on 22 and 23 June 2009 to discuss the working methods of the Security Council in the last installment of the second round of intergovernmental negotiations on Council reform. The contents or dates of a third round have not yet been made public.

Second Round of Talks on Security Council Reform Begins
16 June 2009
Following the end of the first round of negotiations on Security Council reform, and the subsequent release of the Chairman's overview of these proceedings, Member States met on 22 and 26 May and on 11 and 12 June to further narrow down the reform options in a second round of negotiations.

Facilitator Releases Status Report on Security Council Reform Process: Maps Way Forward
20 May 2009
Ambassador Zahir Tanin of Afghanistan, Chairman and facilitator of the intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform, released yesterday a paper summarizing the first round of negotiations as well as outlining the process during the coming second round. Member States will meet on Friday, 22 May 2009, to discuss the issue.

In Fifth Meeting on Security Council Reform, Countries Look at the Relationship Between the General Assembly and the Council
24 April 2009
Member States met on 20 April 2009 to discuss the relationship between the General Assembly and the Security Council in the fifth and last meeting in a first round of negotiations on how to reform the Security Council.

In Fourth Reform Meeting, Countries Discuss Size and Working Methods of the Security Council
10 April 2009
Member States met on 7 and 8 April to discuss the size and working methods of the Security Council. It was the fourth of five meetings devoted to a number of key issues involved in an overall reform of the Council.

Third Meeting on Security Council Reform Looks at Regional Representation
2 April 2009
Member States met on 24 and 31 March to discuss 'regional representation' in the framework of Security Council reform. The two-day long meeting revealed that countries seriously disagree on the applicability of regional representation in the Security Council.

Second Meeting on Security Council Reform Addresses the Veto
18 March 2009
Member States met on 16 and 17 March to discuss the veto in the second of five meetings devoted to different substantive issues connected to Security Council reform.

First Security Council Reform Meeting on Substantive Issue Begins: Countries Talk Categories of Membership
6 March 2009
Member States met on 4 March and 5 March to discuss the first of five key issues related to Security Council reform. During the meeting, a large number of countries presented their perspectives on what new categories of membership should be added to a reformed Council.[/]

Countries Welcome Work Plan as Security Council Reform Process Commences New Phase
by Lydia Swart, 24 February 2009
At the UN, in a meeting held on Thursday 19 February 2009, Member States approved a work plan outlining the rules of procedures and the structure of the upcoming negotiations on Security Council reform. The approval indicates that the process towards reform can move from discussions on procedure to more substantial negotiations.

Italy Hosts Meeting on Security Council Reform
6 February 2009
The Italian government hosted a meeting from 4 February to 6 February in Rome to address Security Council reform and especially the framework for the upcoming intergovernmental negotiations (more info available on the Italian UN Mission's website and in the following article from Reuter's). Some 80 countries were present, some on ministerial level others as observers, although the G4 was not invited. The meeting was an Italian initiative and was not a part of the official reform process.

First Informal Plenary of the General Assembly on Security Council Reform Underway
by Lydia Swart, 30 January 2009
Yesterday, the President of the General Assembly, Miguel D'Escoto Brockmann, presented the results of the preparatory discussions held during the last three months in the Working Group on Security Council Reform to an informal plenary of the General Assembly. His statement also contained information on the road ahead, and marks the beginning of a new chapter in the long history of Security Council reform.

Working Group Wraps Up Discussions
27 January 2009
The Open-ended Working Group on Security Council (OEWG) met on Monday, 26 January, for a wrap-up discussion on framework and modalities. Overall, the sentiments expressed during the meeting to a large extent mirrored statements delivered at the two previous working group meetings in December and January. No decision was made. It was the last OEWG meeting for now. On Thursday, 29 January 2009, Member States will meet in an informal plenary of the General Assembly to hear the Chairman present the results of the discussions in the OEWG.

Working Group Debates Modalities for Upcoming Negotiations on Security Council Reform
23 January 2009
The Open-ended Working Group on Security Council Reform met on Monday, 19 January 2009, to discuss what kind of modalities would be used during the upcoming intergovernmental negotiations slated to begin in an informal plenary of the General Assembly no later than 28 February.

Open-ended Working Group Meets to Discuss Framework for Upcoming Negotiations
8 December 2008
The Open-ended Working Group on Security Council reform met on Friday in the first of three scheduled meetings on the framework and modalities of the upcoming intergovernmental negotiations. Some 30 Member States spoke during the meeting, with a portion arguing that framework and modalities had to be agreed upon before embarking on further negotiations, while others claimed that the rules of procedure of the General Assembly would suffice as a general framework.

Security Council Reform – An Overview of Member States’ Positions
by Emanuel Evans, 4 December 2008
On Friday 5 December 2008, Member States will begin their consultations in the Open-ended Working Group on Security Council Reform on the framework and modalities of the upcoming intergovernmental negotiations. In this regard, the Center for UN Reform Educations has produced a chart outlining Member States' positions on Security Council reform.

Follow-up Discussion in GA on Security Council Reform; GA President Announces Time Frame for Process
3 December 2008
The General Assembly met on 18, 19 and 20 November 2008 in the annual joint debate on the question of the equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters and on Report of the Security Council (A/63/2) to the General Assembly. Following the debate, the PGA announced a time frame for the coming process leading to intergovernmental negotiations. First meeting on framework and modalities on Friday 5 December 2008.

First Meeting in Open-ended Working Group on Security Council Reform
11 November 2008 (updated on 17 November 2008)
The Open-Ended Working Group on Security Council Reform (OEWG) met on 11 and 17 November 2008 for the first meeting of the 63rd GA session. The meeting had been widely anticipated by Member States - especially after September’s dramatic and confusing conclusion of the Working Group - with many hoping that it would help shed light on the future process. Most comments made centered on the role of the Working Group vis-à-vis the upcoming intergovernmental negotiations, the need for a framework agreement in the Working Group before moving to intergovernmental negotiations, and how and when such negotiations could be initiated.

Security Council Reform – the 62nd GA Session and the Road Ahead
by Jonas von Freiesleben, 11 November 2008
The following analysis provides an update to chapter 1 on Security Council reform in the Center's publication “Managing Change at the United Nations” (April). It covers events and Member States dynamics in the Open-ended Working Group and in the Security Council during the 62nd General Assembly session, and - as the Open-ended Working Group is about to meet on 11 November 2008 - also on the road ahead.