International Peacekeeping : History & Strengthening

TitleInternational Peacekeeping : History & Strengthening
Publication TypeMonographs
Year of Publication1989
AuthorsBaratta JPreston

by Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta. This monograph surveys UN and non-UN observer and peacekeeping missions. The author describes a three-stage plan culminating in a world where future international police force would replace need for large national armed forces -- 120 pages.

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Excerpts from Conclusions of Dr. Baratta:

Peacekeepers, we think, should come to look more like marshals and less like soldiers. Peacekeeping must evolve in the direction of a true international police force for the enforcement of international law on individuals, rather than in the direction of world armed forces with the power to make war on states. The success of peacekeeping depends on political symbolism rather than military prowess. Peacekeeping is rooted in larger processes of peacemaking, in which all the worldâ??s peoples and their governments effectively participate.

To improve the negotiation of permanent settlements in the time gained by peacekeeping, the mandates of future operations should call on the Secretary General to sponsor talks and require the parties to undertake negotiations within a specified time period. Parties that accept peacekeeping should also be required to pay a share of its expenses. Observer missions, authorized by the Security Council or Secretary General, should not be subject to the refusal of accused aggressor states to accept them, nor should observer mission reports be subject to great power veto in the Security Council. UN conciliation services also could be improved.